Tabatabai House

By Mr.Ashayeri (JSI2353)

The house of the Tabatabais, registered under the number 1504, was built in the second half of the 13th century (coinciding with the Qajar era) by Seyyed Jafar Tabatabai Natanzi, one of the Natanzi merchants living in Kashan, in Sultan Amir Ahmad neighborhood.
Its architect is Ustad Ali Maryam Kashani, and its plastering and paintings were done by the students of Mirza Abolhasan Sani al-Mulk Ghafari Kashani, and under his supervision.
This house has an area of 4730 square meters and was commissioned by Seyyed Jafar Tabatabai around the year 1250 AH to Ustad Ali Maryam Kashani as a designer and builder. He, who was also the builder of the house of Boroujerdi and Timcheh Amin al-Dawlah, was able to finish the construction of this house within 10 years.
Due to the fact that the owner of the house was in the business of carpet business, all the plaster motifs were inspired by the patterns of Persian carpets and Slimi flowers and chickens, and they were executed magnificently.
This house consists of four courtyards and courtyards, the central courtyard belongs to the outer part, two courtyards belong to the interior, and one courtyard belongs to the crew.
The inner part of the house includes a room with five simple doors in the center and two courtyards on both sides of it and has cellars where the fans circulate the air. This part was the residence of the Tabatabai family. The courtyard on the northwest side is larger and has more rooms and a separate reception hall. Under the inner part, especially the central room, there is a large cellar, which has its own unique characteristics, due to various reasons, such as the existence of a wind deflector, a pitched roof, the type of materials used in the body, the double-walled body, and the presence of a basin that used to be in the center of the cellar. , the height difference with the street level is about 8 to 10 meters and the cool breeze that enters the underground from the central yard pond has caused a temperature difference of 15 to 20 degrees between the basement and the outside, especially in the summer season.
The exterior of the house includes a large hall (kingdom) in the center with skylights and colored mesh windows and double-glazed side windows that open and close vertically. This room is decorated with paintings, mirrors, and interesting plasterwork, including plaster mesh windows that look like delicate lace fabric. There are earring rooms on both sides of the king’s room. In front of the king’s room, there is a porch with interesting mirrors and plasterwork. On the sides of the large hall, two backyards and skylights have been built in parallel to each other, which have exquisite paintings and are considered among the finest works of art in this country. Documents and proofs show that the great artist and painter of the court of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar, namely Mirza Abul Hasan Ghafari Kashani, nicknamed “Sani al-Mulk”, had a close friendship with the owner of the house, so he supervised the execution of plastering and painting of this house, and this matter is valuable and reliable. The decorations of the house greatly increase Tabatabai.

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