By Mr.Ashayeri (JSI2344)
Hamedan, Hamedan or Hamedan in the local dialect is one of the metropolises of Iran in the western and mountainous region of Iran and the center of Hamedan city and province. This city is located on the slopes of Alvand Mountain and at an altitude of 1,741 meters above sea level, and is considered one of the coldest cities in Iran. Hamadan is the oldest city in Iran and one of the oldest cities in the world. In 2005, the Islamic Council declared Hamedan “the capital of Iran’s history and civilization” in a resolution. Hamadan was the first capital of the first Iranian empire, the Medes. However, the oldest works found from the Hegmetane ancient site and the Ganjnameh inscriptions are from the Achaemenid period. Also, this city was one of the capitals of the country during the Achaemenid, Ashkan, Sassanian, Al-Buye and Seljuk periods. Hamedan is known as one of the cultural and touristic cities of the country due to its historical and scenic centers, and from the scientific point of view, with the centers of Bo Ali Sina University, Hamedan University of Technology, Hamedan Islamic Azad University, Payam Noor University of Hamedan and other centers, it is known as one of It is known as one of the academic hubs of the country. Bu Ali Sina’s tomb is the symbol of Hamedan city and also one of the symbols of Iran’s history in world culture, knowledge and science.
This city is the 13th most populated city in Iran in terms of population. In the years 1300 to 1304, the German engineer Karl Frisch designed a modern plan for Hamedan, which is considered a type of radial maps. Hamedan municipality is located in the square of Bu Ali tomb. 6 main streets of the city are connected to this square. Nowadays, due to population density and radial design, the traffic in the city center is very high.